Coalition for Safe and Effective Schools
 
 

School Safety Resources - Gangs

NATIONAL SCHOOL SAFETY AND SECURITY SERVICES
http://www.schoolsecurity.org/trends/gangs.html
This website defines gangs, gives information on why kids might join gangs, gang versus non-gang activity, recognizing gangs, denial versus acknowledging gangs, managing and preventing gangs in schools, gang trends and gang cycles.

JUVENILE JUSTICE BULLETIN
http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/jjbul2000_8_2/contents.html
This article called, “Youth Gangs in Schools” by James C. Howell and James P. Lynch was created in August of 2000.  It covers characteristics of gangs in schools, reasons for greater gang prevalence in some schools, and the impact of gangs on victimization at school.

ERIC DIGEST
http://www.ericdigests.org/1995-1/gangs.htm
This article, “Gangs in Schools,” was written by Gary Burnett and Garry Walz in the year 1999.  The article covers the topics of characteristics of gangs, the impact of gangs on schools, why gangs develop, why students join gangs, the school’s response, and effective interactions for combating school gangs.

NATIONAL YOUTH VIOLENCE PREVENTION RESOURCE CENTER
http://www.safeyouth.org/scripts/facts/gangs.asp
This is a gang fact sheet that covers the topics of drugs, guns, violence, gangs, confronting the gang issue, resources, publications, and references.

AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF CRIMINOLOGY
http://www.aic.gov.au/media/2002/20020930.html
This is a media release on the topic of gangs in schools that was released in 2002.  The release provides a brief summary of the paper titled, “School Strategies to Deal with Gangs,” and a link to view the paper.  The paper provides various anti-gang approaches and strategies used within a schooling context.

CENTER FOR ADOLECENT AND FAMILY STUDIES
http://education.indiana.edu/cas/tt/v2i3/gangs.html
This is an edition of “Teacher Talk” called “Gangs and School Violence.”  This link highlights the results of the Phi Delta Kappa survey of public attitudes towards schools.

JUVENILE JUSTICE BULLETIN
http://ojjdp.ncjrs.org/jjbulletin/9804/gangs.html
This edition of the bulletin was written in 1998 and is called, “Combating Fear and Restoring Safety in Schools.”  It deals with the topics of gangs, the fears associated with them, a description of the program called “Gang Resistance Education and Training” that is provided by law enforcement for schools, a list of strategies schools use in gang prevention, and also gang prevention through targeted outreach.

INSTITUTE FOR URBAN AND MINORITY EDUCATION
http://iume.tc.columbia.edu/eric_archive/mono/UDS107.pdf
This is a link to a paper called “Preventing Youth Violence in Urban Schools: An Essay Collection” that was written and compiled in 1996.  The essays included are: “Preventing Violence in Schools” by Mary Hatwood and Lee Etta Powell, “Gang Activity at School: Prevention Strategies” by Shirley Lal, and “School Violence and the Legal Rights of Students: Selected Issues” by Dorianne Beyer.

NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2005/crime_safe04/indicator_15.asp
This site provides indicators of school crime and safety from 2004 and statistics of students’ reports of gangs at school.

HELPINGGANGYOUTH.COM
http://www.helpinggangyouth.com/?gclid=CPPc_Miz2YwCFRcXIwodPAUpGQ
This site was set up by Arturo J. Hernandez who has thirty years of experience with specialized gang training, consulting and planning.  He is also author of the book called “Peace in the Streets.”  This site includes links to Arturo’s most recent articles on the topic of gang prevention, a summary of gang statistics which includes the Native American population, why kids join gangs, can they quit, facts about gangs, seven basic ideas for gang prevention and gang intervention, gang research, helpful organizations, gang art and culture, and advice for teachers and parents.

GANG-RELATED LEGISLATION BY SUBJECT
http://www.iir.com/NYGC/gang-legis/gangs_and_schools.htm
This site provides a listing of legislation from different states in regards to the topic of gangs and schools.

INSTITUTE FOR INTERGOVERNMENTAL RESEARCH
http://www.iir.com/nygc/
This is the link to the National Youth Gang Center, it provides youth gang facts, gang-related news, legislation, and publications.  There is also a link to the “Helping America’s Youth Initiative,” the National Youth Gang Survey Analysis, a link that addresses community gang problems, conference, training, and funding links.  There is also a section devoted to the latest news from the National Youth Gang Center.

GANG RESISTANCE EDUCATION AND TRAINING
http://www.great-online.org/
This is a school-based, law enforcement officer-instructed classroom curriculum with prevention as its primary objective.  This site offers links to establish a program, a link to officer resources, news, components of the program, and other helpful links.

NATIONAL GANG CENTER
http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/
This website is established by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the office of Justice Programs, and the office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.  The site offers training, policy issues, web resources, threat assessments, surveys and analysis, current news, and the latest news from the National Gang Center.

NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs95/95740.pdf
This document was prepared by the U.S. Department of Education office of Educational Research and Improvement, in 1995.  It covers statistical perspectives on the education policy issue of gangs and victimization at school.

NATIONAL YOUTH VIOLENCE PREVENTION RESOURCE CENTER
http://www.safeyouth.org/scripts/topics/gangs.asp
 This link provides articles, fact sheets, guides, and external resources dealing with the topic of gangs.

JUVENILE JUSTICE JOURNAL
http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/203555/jj3.html
This is a link to an article called “Strategic Risk-Based Response to Youth Gangs” by Phelan A. Wyrick and James C. Howell.  “This article presents a framework for a strategic risk-based response to youth gangs that can be adopted even without full communitywide collaboration and regardless of whether the primary focus is prevention, intervention, or suppression or a combination of these methods.”

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/fs200401.pdf
This is a link to a Fact Sheet from 2004 on the highlights of the 2002 National Youth Gang Survey by Arlen Egley, Jr., and Aline K. Major.  “The 2002 National Youth Gang Survey is the eighth annual survey conducted since 1995 by the National Youth Gang Center. The 2002 survey used a newly selected sample of law enforcement agencies based on updated data from the U.S. Census Bureau and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.”

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF JUSTICE
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/172852.pdf
This is a Research in Brief article from 1998 on comparing the criminal behavior or youth gangs and at-risk youths written by C. Ronald Huff.

ERIC DIGEST
http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-9216/gangs.htm
The article, “Gangs,” was written by Joan Gaustad in 1990.  The article covers what a gang is, why they form, where they are a problem, how they spread, how school officials fight gang activity, and how schools and communities jointly fight gangs.

JUVENILE JUSTICE BULLETIN
http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/jjbul2002_06_1/contents.html
This is a link to a bulletin called, “Modern-Day Youth Gangs.”  It was written in 2002 by James C. Howell, Arlen Egley, Jr., and Debra K. Gleason.  “The proliferation of gangs into smaller cities, towns, suburbs, and even rural communities has led experts to question whether modern-day youth gangs differ significantly from their inner-city predecessors. Drawing on data from the 1996 and 1998 National Youth Gang Surveys, this Bulletin reveals systematic differences between communities with earlier and later onset gang problems.”

JUVENILE JUSTICE BULLETIN
http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/2000_9_2/contents.html
This is a link to a bulletin called, “Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement.”  It was written in 2000 by Finn-Aage Esbensen.  “After describing the key characteristics of youth gangs, this Bulletin examines risk factors for gang membership, including individual and family demographics, personal attributes, and peer group, school, and community factors. Gang prevention strategies are presented and illustrated with examples of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention programs. Primary prevention targets the entire at-risk population, while secondary prevention focuses on those identified as being at greatest risk for delinquency. Finally, tertiary prevention efforts involve juvenile offenders and youth gang members.”

JUVENILE JUSTICE BULLETIN
http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/jjbul2001_3_3/contents.html
This is a link to a bulletin called, “Female Gangs: A Focus on Research.”  It was written in 2001 by Joan Moore and John Hagedorn.  “This bulletin summarizes past and present research and tracks the rise in the number of female gangs and the increased public recognition of female gang involvement as a significant social problem. The authors consider the motivations for female gang membership, assess the delinquency and criminal activity of female gang members, examine the influence of ethnicity and gender norms on female gang behavior, and discuss the long-term consequences of gang membership.”

JUVENILE JUSTICE BULLETIN
http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/jjbul2004_3_1/contents.html
This is a link to a bulletin called, “Youth Gangs in Indian Country.”  It was written in 2004 by Aline K. Major, Arlen Egley, Jr., James Howell, Barbara Mendenhall, and Troy Armstrong.  “This Bulletin describes the nature and makeup of youth gangs in Indian country. The findings presented are the result of a 2001 National Youth Gang Center survey. Researchers found that youth gangs in Indian country did not differ greatly from youth gangs in comparably sized communities. Indian country youth gangs, however, were noticeably different from youth gangs as depicted through national statistics.”

THE GAZETTE
Click Here for Site
This Canadian newspaper reported an article by Sarah Schmidt in 2007 called, “Gangs do no Boost Violence in the High Schools, Study Says.”